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2017-08-09 / Looking Back

Looking Back

100 Years Ago, SATURDAY, August 11, 1917

THE WEEK IN WALTON

What We Are Talking About at the County Hub

SPECIAL PRIZES AT THE FAIR

Telephone Company Wins – Business Men’s Convention – Bumper Hay Crop

The Meadowbrook Dairy Company has advanced the price of milk to ten cents a quart.

I.D. Smith, who had his hip fractured near Allaben, Ulster county, when his Ford turned turtle, was brought home from the Kingston hospital Saturday. It will be some time before Mr. Smith can use the leg.

Mr. and Mrs. T. C. Judd have issued invitations to the marriage of their daughter, Marian Ester, to Howard Logan Archer of Walton, on Wednesday, August 22, at high noon, at Chestnut Point, Cannonsville.

Bruce Hoyt of Rock Rift fell from a hay rigging Saturday and wrenched his knee badly, Elwood Bostwick, an employee at Bordens, was painfully scalded by steam escaping from a pet cock on the generator one day this week. Dr. W. B. Morrow was called to attend both men.

Sheriff A. L. Austin of Delhi attempted to drive his car between a load of hay and the automobile driven by Miss Emily Smith Monday evening. Miss Smith had stopped to let the hay rigging past and the accident was caused by the sheriff trying to come between the hay load and the car. The Smith machine was sideswiped and the casting of one tire damaged.

A number of Walton business men are planning to attend the Tri-County Business Men’s Convention in Oneonta next Thursday, August 16. The convention opens at 1:30 in the Oneonta theatre with two prominent speakers, Roy F. Soule of New York, and Dr. Willard Scott of Brooklyn. After the convention session a clambake will be held in Neahwa Park. The bake will be served at cost.

Robert, the two-year-old son of Mr. and Mrs. A. W. North, fell while at play Monday and cut open his lower lip. The physician had to take a stitch to close the cut. The little daughter of Clifford Fitch of Pines Brook stepped on a nail and the wound became infected. Dr. Gould has been attending the child. James Davis, son of Isaac Davis, cut his wrist badly on some broken glass. Dr. W. R. Gladstone dressed the wound.

The awning in front of Martin’s 5 and 10 cent store in the Lyon block, corner of Delaware and North streets, was discovered to be on fire about 2:30 Sunday afternoon by two young men passing by. They tore the awning down and succeeded in keeping the flames from igniting any woodwork. The loss to Mr. Martin will be about $25, as the awing was ruined. The fire probably started from a cigarette or match thrown on the awning.

The Overland automobile of Claud Barnhart of Gregorytown collied Friday with the guard rail on the state road down the river near Andrew Scobie’s farm. It is stated that the accident was caused by the driver looking around. In the machine were Barnhart, his wife and baby and an Italian employee on the state road who was helping out in Walton. He had a gash cut in his head, but none of the party were seriously hurt. The car was badly wrecked. The baby also suffered some cuts.

The Walton fair will be held this year September 4, 5, 6 and 7. The premium books have been printed and are ready for distribution. Copies may be obtained from the secretary, E. D. Baker. This year special prizes are offered for the best graded and crated bushel of potatoes and the best graded and created bushel of apples. The prizes in each case are $25 for first, $15 for second and $10 for third. High-class attractions have been secured for each day. The management ha decided not to have racing this year.

The haying season of 1917 will go down in history of Delaware county as the bumper crop of many years. While haying is not over and may not be for some for several weeks, anyone driving along the road will see from one to three stacks in the field, as the barns are full, and the question of storing oats and buckwheat will be a serious one for many. Storage room is at present the main question, and if all crops turn out as good as the hay prices cannot help but the a big tumble before winter. – Loomis correspondent.

The Public Service Commission recently dismissed the application of the village of Walton that the Walton People’s Telephone Company be denied an increase of rates. A D. Peake, attorney for the village, will appeal the matter to the Appellate Division of the Supreme Court. The question at issue is whether the franchise granted the telephone company by the village, which limited the rate to $12, is binding, or whether the creation of the Public Service Commission abrogated such contracts. The Public Service Commission denied the application of the village on the allegation that the Commission was bound by a decision of the Appellate Division rendered since the Walton case came up.

COMPANY F REACHES STRENGTH OF 150

Guardsmen Still Marking Time At Walton Armory

ONLY ROUTINE WORK NOW

With Drafting Into Federal Service the First New York Becomes 110th Infantry of Regular Army

Four weeks will have passed next Monday since Company F, with the other units of the New York National Guard was called into the Federal service and the date of departure to the southern training camp at Spartanburg, S. C., seems as far distant as ever.

The company reached full war strength of 150 men this week. Howard Ostrum and Joseph Dow, both of Walton, were the last two men to join the company. Seven reservists are included in the company though not formally assigned there.

Reports from Washington state that the guardsmen will not be moved from their home stations until the camp side is ready and that this may be the last week in August.

Since Sunday the First New York Regiment and all other national guard regiments throughout the nation are under complete control of the United States war department. In the future state authorities will have no connection whatever with the guardsmen and all orders and appointments of officers will come direct from Washington, D. C. Announcement to this effect has been made by the government.

Along with the drafting of all national guardsmen into the service of the federal government on Sunday, all recruiting for the state units will be conducted by officials of the United States regular army. All recruiting must be done at the station of the regular army, according to instructions received by Captain J. S. Ballman of Company F. Oneonta and Walton are the nearest recruiting stations to Walton.

With the formal draft in to the army, the National Guard organizations of the state lost their identity and the regimental numbers by which they have become familiar. Under the terms of the draft all officers up to and including the grade of colonel, together with non-commissioned officers and enlisted men are automatically drafted into the army with the same rank they had in the state militia. General officers higher than the rank of colonel must be nominated for appointment by the President and their nominations confirmed by the senate.

With the draft into the United States army, the First infantry of Utica, to which Company F belongs, becomes the 10th United States Infantry. All other units of the former state militia have been assigned new numbers. The Second infantry of Troy becomes the 111th United States infantry. Other changes were: Third infantry, Rochester, 112th; Seventh infantry, New York, 113th; Twelfth infantry, New York, 115th; Fourteenth infantry, Brooklyn, 116th; Fifteenth infantry, New York, 117th; Twenty-third infantry, Brooklyn 118th; Forty-seventh infantry, Brooklyn, 119th; Sixtyninth infantry, New York, 120th; Seventy-first infantry, New York, 121st; and Seventy-fourth infantry, Buffalo, 122nd United States infantry.

New York dispatches indicate that after an effort by Major General John F. O’Ryan to ascertain, if possible the date on which the companies of the New York division would be moved, the possibility of them being sent away from their home cities before the latter part of August is small. The advices, purporting to come from Washington, are that there is little probability of the southern cantonments being ready before that time.

The 71st Regiment, which has been guarding the line of the Ontario & Western and the Erie Railroad, has received orders, it is stated, to call in their outposts preparatory to concentrating the battalions for movement south in the near future.

During the week company F has been engaged in routine work, with the regular drills or a hike in the morning and afternoon. Captain Ballman conducts a school for non-commissioned officers from 1-1:45 o’clock each afternoon.

With the passing of the guardsmen into the federal service, Captain J. S. Ballman has turned over the inventories of the state property to Captain A. E. Conner of the depot company, who now has supervision of the armory.

An amusing thing happened Wednesday when the fourteen new cotton uniforms for the depot company arrived and were distributed among the depot company members who had seen previous service, the federal guardsmen have been expecting cotton equipment for some time and when they saw men around in this equipment they raided the quartermasters’ department and demanded their equipment from supply sergeant Oothought. They are still without theirs.

The Ladies’ Aid Society of the Congregational church furnished Company F and also Company C of the 71st with pies for dinner one day recently.

A canvas of the town has been made and every housekeeper has been asked to prepare a lunch for a soldier to present to the guardsmen on the day they leave. In addition to the lunch a request has been made to place some personal favor, such as cigarettes, candy, etc., in the box. The plan has met with a very favorable reception and enough boxes have been promised for both Company F and Company C of the 71st.

DISTRICT BOARD ORGANIZES

Editor Wyer, of Delhi, Member of Appeal Body.

The district board of appeals under the selective draft law for division 2 of the Northern District of New York, comprising the counties of Delaware, Albany, Montgomery, Otsego, Rennselear, Schenectady and Schohaire is composed of the following members:

Rev. George Dugan, of Albany; Stanton F. Hull of Petersburg; Carlton H. Lewis, of Schenectady; Dr. George Stover of Amsterdam, and Arthur C. Wyer of Delhi.

The district board has original jurisdiction on all claims for exemption for industrial and agricultural reasons and also acts on all appeals from the local boards. It is stated that the government will appeal all cases of dependency exemption to the district board.

A. C. Wyer of Delhi, member of the district board, went to Albany Wednesday to be present at the organization of the board. He was elected clerk and Rev. George Dugan chairman. The board will be in continuous session for the nest few weeks beginning Monday. The office is in the county clerk’s office in Albany and application for exemption blanks for industrial reasons should be addressed to the District Exemption board, Division 2, County Clerk’s office Albany. All claims must be by affidavit and the board will refuse to see anyone unless he is sent for. It will be useless to try to make a personal appeal to members.

DRIVER HELD FOR GRAND JURY

Shaver Charged With Responsibility for Auto Accident.

(From our Arena correspondent.)

What might have been a serious accident occurred on Monday afternoon, when the cars of Howard Coulter of Dingle Hill and Arthur Shaver of Pepacton collided on the narrow road near the Risley Company mills, near Dunraven. Mr. Coulter, wife and little daughter and Miss Muir were in the Coulter car, but fortunately escaped serious injury. The little girl was thrown against the windshield and somewhat bruised. Mr. Coulter’s car was badly damaged.

The accident was caused by Mr. Shaver driving his car while in an intoxicated condition and failing to keep on the right side of the road. He was arrested and held under bail to appear before the next grand jury.

WITH THE VOLUNTEERS

Items of Interest About the Boys in Khaki.

Ray L. Cordner of Deposit enlisted in the navy at the Binghamton station this week.

Carroll Johnson of Franklin left for Fort Slocum last week to begin service as truck driver and mechanic in the aviation corps.

E. W. Callahan, C. H. Pick and C. A. Fisher of Davenport enlisted in the First New York Field bakery and have gone to Peekskill.

Charles Sweeney, a former Halcottsville boy, has received a commission and is now a lieutenant in the U. S. Army. He enlisted in 1898 at the time of the Spanish- American war.

Joseph Sheenan of Margaretville, has enlisted as a mechanic in the naval militia and reported for duty last week. E. H. Bennett of Margaretville has joined the coast defense.

Harry L. Mattison, son of Rev. Mattison of North Franklin, has enlisted in the regular army as a radio operator in the signal corps. He has served a term of enlistment in the artillery service.

Kenneth E. Berray of Cleveland, Ohio, has enlisted in Battery C, 2nd regiment, Ohio field artillery and expects to go to Alabama soon. He is a son of Mr. and Mrs. Robert Berray of Walton. His brother, Fred Berray, is in the navy.

Charles Homan, an enlisted man in the United States navy has been home for a ten day’s furlough. Richard Landon, of Delhi, recently enlisted in the navy, and is a member of a band of two hundred pieces. He is on the United States steamship Richmond, stationed at Norfolk, Virginia.

Dr. J. N. Douglass of Scranton, Pa., a brother-in-law of E, B. Guild, of Walton, is a first lieutenant in the Medical Officers Reserve Corps and was one of seven Scranton physicians ordered to report this week at Fort Oglethorpe, Georgia, for training. Dr. Russell A. Salton, of Williamson, West Virginia, a former Walton boy, is also a member of the Medical Officers reserve Corps. Dr. Grover A. Silliman of Delhi, who recently passed the examination for entrance into the Reserve Corps, received his commission as first lieutenant this week. The salary of a first lieutenant in the army is $2,000. Dr. R. H. Loomis of Sidney left this week for Washington, D. C. to report.

DRAGGED BY RUNAWAY

Two City Boarders Injured at Livingston Manor.

(From Livingston Manor Cor.)

A couple boarding at Bakers’, Shandelee, were victims of a runaway accident on Monday afternoon, from which they had a lucky escape. They had come up from New York on Sunday and Monday had driven a horse to the station at the Manor for their trunk. In turning into Main street from the Station, the horse shied, cramping the wagon, which frighting the animal, started to run. The man and woman were dragged some distance before they got free. The horse started for home, being caught near the acid factory by Laurence McGrath.

The occupants of the wagon were bruised and suffered some severe cuts but were not seriously injured. They were attended by Dr. Lathrop.

BULL ATTACKS DAVENPORT MAN

Marvin Green Suffers Five Broken Ribs and Punctured Lung.

(From our Davenport Cor.)

Marvin Green of Davenport met with a very serious, if not fatal accident, Tuesday while driving a young bull to South Worcester. On account of so many cars on the state road, he decided to go the back road and while going down the road that leads to the creamery, the animal suddenly turned on him, knocking him down. He is suffering with five broken ribs and a punctured lung, and would probably have been killed had not some men happened along at that time. As it is he is not expected to recover from the injuries sustained.

DEPOT COMPANY CALLED OUT

May Leave Saturday to Guard City Aqueduct

The company F depot unit, will soon be in camp along the New York city aqueduct defending the city’s water supply from the invading German hordes. They expect to leave Saturday morning.

Like a bolt out of a clear sky came the order Tuesday afternoon to Captain A. E. Conner of the depot company to prepare his company to leave at once for Highland on the Hudson to take over on Friday evening the work of guarding the aqueduct which has been done by guardsmen no in the federal service.

The depot unit of Company F is one of the detachments of state military organizations selected to form the First Provisional Regiment of the New York National Guard which will do guard duty along the New York city Aqueduct.

Other depot detachments called out to form the regiment are Troop B of Albany and Troop H or Rochester; Companies A, B, C, F, G, H and the first infantry, Company F of the 10th infantry, the 12th infantry, 14th infantry, 69th infantry, 7th infantry.

About twenty-five men had joined the depot company and previous to Tuesday’s orders had no anticipation that they would be called for service unless they volunteered for that purpose. Several are obliged to give up important business interest and the call will work hardship to many. It is probable they those with business interests will be released.

A law was enacted by the last legislature permitting the city of New York to organize a special police force to guard the aqueduct. The measure has been in force for several months, but evidently the city officials prefer to engage the services of the guardsmen through the sate authorities at the sum of $1.25 per day rather than to pay $3 a day or more to policemen.

The depot company was without a uniform or gun when the call came but Wednesday fourteen uniforms and the same number of guns were received and distributed among the men who had seen previous service. Most of the uniforms were too large and the shoes were all over No. 7 so the company midget, Donald Moore, was outfitted with a uniform too large for anyone else.

During the excitement attendant on the call Wednesday one of the men called to Walton on the draft came to the armory believing that was the draft office. He was examined and was about to take the oath when the mistake was discovered. Then he reported at the draft headquarters, passed the physical examinations and waived exemption.

A list of members of the depot company follows, their addresses being Walton unless otherwise sated.

Captain: A. E. Conner.

1st Lieutenant: H. S. Marvin, Delhi.

2nd Lieutenant: Charles N. Peake.

Enlisted Men.

Floyd T. Allen; George E. Bonney, Hamden; Charles Brower; Frank E. Brown; William P. Bruce; Patrick Cicale; Gerore S. Closs; Atwood Crook, Hamden; George A. Drake; William H. Edmister; Arthur Gray; Seacord F. Green; Marshall T. Guild; Gustave B. Heckroth, Delhi; Leon Houck; Fred C. Houck; Harrison T. Hulbert, Hamden; John L. Hume, Hamden; Charles A. Knowles; Floyd W. Lee, Hamden; George H. Lee, Hamden; Fred D. Lynch; John P. Lake, Hamden; Nathan E. Marks; Bruce D. Miller; Donald B. Moore; Harold L. Newkirk, Hamden; Arthur E. Ostrom; Harold W. Paine, Delhi; Edward B. Ransom; Victor A. Renolds; Roscoe W. Seacord; Guy A. Snyder; Kenneth E. Stewart; Edward Tuttle, Delhi; Earnest Thomas, Dehi; Clayton F. Webster; Ward E. Eheeler, Delhi.

J. CLARK NESBIT FOR MEMBER OF ASSEMBLY

Farmers’ Organizations Recommend Bloomville Farmer

ASK PARTIES’ ENDORSEMENT

Resolutions Passed at Delhi Meeting Proposes Nomination of Prominent Dairyman.

At a meeting of members of the Delaware County Grange, the Delaware County Farm Bureau and the Dairymen’s League, held at Delhi Wednesday, resolutions were passed asking that J. Clark Nesbitt of Bloomville be designated at the coming primary election as a candidate for member of assembly. Mr. Nesbitt is a real farmer, is not engaged in any other business and in politics is an Independent-Republican.

The farmers propose to the political organizations of the county that they support Mr. Nesbitt in the primary. This request is based on the belief that as so much of the present legislation affects farmers that their interest should be looked after by one who is a farmer and nothing else. The movement is on the line of action taken by farmers in several western states. With the farmers of the county back of Mr. Nesbitt it would look as if the Hon. Jim Allen had but one course open to him – to retire gracefully.

The action of the farmers’ organizations was a bomb dropped in the Republican organization camp. It will upset their calculations entirely.

The resolutions passed read as follows:

Whereas, the Delaware County Grange, at a meeting held June 8, 1917, directed the master of said county grange to appoint a committee of the persons from the officers of said county grange, one of which persons should be the master of said county grange, and to invite delegations from kindred organizations of farmers in the county to participate with said committee in a meeting which should have for its object the election and naming of a representative farmer to be submitted to the consideration of the voters of the county, irrespective of party, as a person, who, in the present crisis in which so much is demanded if the farmers, would best represent the agricultural interests for the county in the state legislature, and Whereas, this meeting held at Delhi, N. Y., August 8, 1917, and composed of said committee of county grange officials and representative members of the Dairymen’s League and the Delaware County Farm Bureau, is held pursuant to such appointment and such invitation, now, therefore, be it

Resolved: That in the complications incident to the present stress in international affairs in which so much legislation is offered that vitally affects agricultural interests, such interests in Delaware county would be best conserved by one who is directly connected with those interests. And it be further

Resolved: That it is the unanimous opinion of this meeting that J. Clark Nesbitt, of Bloomville, N. Y., a farmer, who is not identified with any other business that of farming and dairying, is a suitable person to offer to the voters of the county as a candidate for member of assembly. And it be further

Resolved: That this meeting composed of members of the several organizations above named, respectfully proposes to the various political organizations of the county, regardless of party lines, that they make it possible, by destination or otherwise, for the members of the parties which they severally represent to vote for or against the said J. Clark Nesbitt at the primary elections to be held within the next few weeks, by placing the name of said J. Clark Nesbitt on their respective primary ballots. And it be further

Resolved: That the clerk of this meeting be, and he hereby is, directed to prepare copies of this, these resolutions and forward at least one copy to each of the political organizations in the county for their consideration.

CHASED AWAY THE BEES.

(From our Meridale Correspondent.)

Tuesday noon a swarm of bees lit in the top of a 60-foot elm tree. Wm. Chisholm set up a 30- foot ladder to try and get them, but seeing he could not get near enough, took a shot gun and fired into the cluster, knocking them down. They tried to cluster three times and receiving the same treatment each time, they made up their minds they had struck a British bombardment and returned to the home hive.

LIGHTNING KILLS 14 COWS.

(From our Davenport correspondent.)

During the terrific thunder storm last Thursday afternoon, Carl Effenberger, who recently purchased the Calvin Butts place at Davenport, had the misfortune to have fourteen cows struck by lightning.

George B. More had two cows killed.

NINETEEN DELAWARE BOYS

County Has Large Representation in Co. G, of Oneonta.

Nineteen Delaware county boys are members of Company G of the First Regiment, located in Oneonta. That company is recruited to war strength of 150 men. The Delaware county members of the Oneonta company are as follows:

Frank LarBell, Davenport.

Geo. L. Burdick, Bloomville.

Luther P. Burdick, Davenport Center.

Lyle M. Carpenter, Delhi.

Bert Fact, Hobart.

Harry Hawley, Downsville.

Andres E. Hanes, Hobart.

Percy Hotchkiss, Hobart.

Robt. B. Hunter, DeLancey.

Willis G. Loveless, DeLancey.

Chas. W. Milligan, Fergusonville.

Merton L. Murphy, Treadwell.

Pohn Ross, West Davenport.

Karl Schermerhorn, Sidney.

Claude H. Shofkom, Sidney.

Francis F. Smith, Meridale.

Clinton Stoutenburg, Stamford.

Joseph E. Strain, Oneonta, R. D. 3.

Grandison F. Warren, Stamford.

Charles E. Geer, son of Emmit Geer, formerly of Walton, is a corporal in Company G. Herman T. Lawson of Cannonsville, is a sergeant in company H of Binghamton and his brother James H. Lawson recently enlisted in that company. Judson Misner, formerly of Walton is a corporal and Clarke Ballantine, formerly of Hamden, also belongs to company H. R. Bruce North of Walton, is a corporal in Company I of Middletown and L. Bloom of East Branch is a private in that unit.

WILL ALSO CLOSE STORES

In the published list of the business men who will close their places Thursday afternoons, the names of Henderson Bros., A. J. Holmes, J. T. Cobb, Miss Emma Brisack, Berryann & Miller, Gilbert & Loker and Gilbert Sherwood & Son, were inadvertently omitted.

DIRECTOR OF DELHI STATE SCHOOL.

Prof. C. O. DuBois is the new director of the State School of Agriculture in Delhi. Prof. DuBois has been assistant director of the Alfred State Agricultural School since 1909, and succeeds Dr. C. E. Ladd, who has been promoted to a better position in the state department, having supervision of all state agricultural schools.

NATIONAL ARMY CAMP

New York Men Drafted Will Go to Wrightstown.

Work to prepare Camp Dix at Wrightstown, N. J., once called Camp Wrightstown, for the new national army from New York is being rushed. Barracks, officers’ quarters, hospitals and administration rooms are going up as fast as material can be brought to the camp site.

The camp is in a clearing about two miles square in a pine wood. Its location has been selected as being sufficiently near to both New York and Philadelphia for transportation purposes, yet far enough away from large city influences. It is about thirty miles from New York, as the crow flies.

It is a camp only in name now, occupied by a busy office of one motor truck company, a hundred quartermaster’s clerks and two companies of engineers. In addition, several hundred carpenters and laborers are working on the buildings.

When these are completed the drafted men will be housed in two story barracks accommodating 200 each. Now the men sleep in tents. The water supply will be drawn from artesian wells which are being sunk. These will be supplemented by a pipe line running to New Lisbon, about five miles away, where there is another source of water supply. Everything is being done to protect the drinking water from contamination.

The site is high, about 100 feet above sea level, dry and free from mosquitoes.

There will be 1,354 buildings at camp Dix. Not all of them will be barracks. There will be officers’ quarters, twenty-four storehouses, twelve administration buildings, a large hospital and a pretentious Young Men’s Christian Association building. This last may be supplemented by others. There will be baseball and football fields, and basketball courts. A running track will take care of itself.

The main difference between the officers’ quarters and the private’s barracks will be in size. The commissioned officers will live in buildings of one story.

By the time the government issues the first call the cantonments will be completed sufficiently to offer the men all the comforts and conveniences the can reasonably expect. – Albany Knickerbocker.

KILLED IN TRAIN COLLISION

Deposit Man Injured in Schenectady Accident.

Charles M. Havens, a New York Central fireman, was killed at South Schenectady Monday, when his locomotive crashed into a coal train at the West Shore and D. & H. junction.

William McGuire of Deposit and Richard Eckert of Oneonta, fireman and engineer respectively on the D. & H. train, were slightly injured.

GUARDSMEN ON JOY RIDE

Unlucky Ending to Pleasure Drive of 71st Boys.

Three members of the 71st Regiment were victims of an automobile accident near Norwich last Thursday evening. Thee men had borrowed the Ford car of Fr. E. W. Wilcox of Norwich and were returning to the city, when Private Frank Carpenter of Sidney, who was driving, was unable to make a turn while going at a high rate of speed, and the machine crashed into a fence.

Carpenter and Edward Duessel, a regimental cook, received severe cuts and bruises, while their companion, Private Grazer of Company D, located at Sidney, was not injured. The automobile turned over four times, but was run home on its own power.

TEMPERANCE AT SIDNEY AND DELHI

Friday, August 17, Dr. Ella A. Boole, state president of the W. C. T. U., speaks at the Sidney camp meeting grounds on “Problems for Patriots.” August 22 and 23 the W. C. T. U. county convention convenes in the Second Presbyterian church, Delhi, with Mrs. DeGraff as instructor.

AFTER THE WAR IS OVER.

“With the operation of the draft the national army comes into existence. Let us hope that while this Republic endures it will never go out of existence. Hereafter we must always have a sufficiently large reserve of trained citizen soldiers to insure our safety. If we had possessed such an army the course of this war would have been different.”

The above paragraph is taken from an editorial in the New York Times. It is plain notice that powerful interests, financial and militarist, are determined to keep this county on a war basis when the present war is over, it is certain that when peace comes it will be on a basis of preventing future wars by mean of a League of Nations to Enforce Peace. It will very probably bring about an agreement for disarmament. Germany is today bankrupt. Even if she desired, she will not have the means to maintain the large military establishment she now has, and which was responsible for the war.

Create a large army in time of peace and there is the constant incitement to get into war. The United States is in the war because Germany left no other alternative, and having taken hold of the job will finish it, but the people of this county will never stand for a military program such as the Times lays down, and the party that favors it will be defeated decisively.

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